Within a few days, the NDRC approved a total of over 200 billion yuan of investment in railway projects.

Abstract The process of approving railway projects by the National Development and Reform Commission has been significantly accelerated. On October 18, the National Development and Reform Commission approved the Dali-Ruili Railway, Liaoning Jinzhou Port to Inner Mongolia Baiyinhua Railway, and Yuxi-Muyu Railway Project. The total investment of the project was 95.878 billion yuan. and...
The process of approving the railway project by the National Development and Reform Commission has obviously accelerated.

On October 18, the National Development and Reform Commission approved the Dali-Ruili Railway, Liaoning Jinzhou Port to Inner Mongolia Baiyinhua Railway, and Yuxi-Muyu Railway Project. The total investment of the project was 95.878 billion yuan.

A few days ago, the NDRC had just approved three railway projects with an investment of more than 10 billion. These three projects are from the Lancang River to the Zhangjiajie to Changde Railway (hereinafter referred to as the Zhangchang Railway), the new Liuzhou-Chuzhou Railway (hereinafter referred to as the Liuyu Railway) and the Zhengzhou-Wanzhou Railway (hereinafter referred to as the Zhengwan Railway).

No problem in completing the investment plan during the year

An insider close to the China Railway Corporation (hereinafter referred to as the Iron General) said that the railway construction and investment process has always been slightly slow in the first half of the year and accelerated in the second half. This year's investment in railway construction is much better than in previous years. This is mainly due to the following three reasons: First, the party and the government attach great importance to the railway industry. Since the beginning of this year, the State Council has mentioned the need to speed up the railway at several executive meetings. Construction, especially in the process of railway construction in the central and western regions, Premier Li Keqiang also personally visited the iron general to make important arrangements and instructions. Under the strong promotion of the State Council, it is relatively easy for the railway sector to borrow money from banks and issue bonds in the market. Therefore, it is not difficult to raise funds. Second, since last year, the government has implemented a reform of decentralization and decentralization. Part of the power of the railway project, which was originally tightly contracted, was delegated to the local government, and part of it was decided by the enterprise. This undoubtedly released the vitality and enthusiasm of the local and enterprise railways. Third, the overall economic situation is still optimistic from the perspective of traditional statistical tools. Therefore, some micro-stimulus measures are still needed, and railway projects have always been the primary choice for investment. Based on this, the investment situation of the railway will be relatively strong this year and even in the next few years.

On October 21, the economic data of the third quarter will be announced. From the current individual data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, the national economy in September and the third quarter will continue to maintain a steady and slow trend.

The railway investment data in September has not yet been officially announced, but people close to the iron company said that as of August, the iron and steel industry has completed a fixed asset investment of 405 billion yuan, and railway investment has always started in the second half of the year, especially after the third quarter. Therefore, there is no problem in completing the planned investment during the year, and even over-completion is not impossible.

Focus on the Midwest

Zhao Jian, a professor at the School of Economics and Management of Beijing Jiaotong University, said that the macro economy has entered a new normal, and real estate is difficult to recover in the short term. At this time, the infrastructure will play a role in the steady growth of the capital, and the railway project has always been a big part of infrastructure.

In terms of several railway projects recently approved, the investment volume should not be underestimated.

The investment plan of Zhangzhangchang Railway is as follows: Chongqing, Hubei, and Hunan provinces respectively invested 550 million yuan, 880 million yuan, and 4.34 billion yuan, and were responsible for land acquisition and house demolition work. The land acquisition and house demolition expenses were recognized as local capital by the parties. Separately included in the shares, an additional 6.31 billion yuan was arranged by the railway to use the railway construction fund.

The main line of the Liuyu Railway is 233 kilometers in length, and the rank is National Railways Class I. The number of main lines is double line and the speed target is 160 km/h. The total investment is 19.6 billion yuan, which is jointly funded by the iron and Guangxi and the project owner is Liunan Railway Company.

The largest investment in the approved railway is Zhengwan Railway – the planned investment is 97.43 billion yuan, and the actual investment may exceed 100 billion. The railway originated in Zhengzhou, Henan Province, passing Xuchang, Pingdingshan, Nanyang, Dengzhou, Fuyang, Nanxun, Baokang, Xingshan, Badong, Wushan, Yunyang, and finally arrived in Wanzhou, with a total length of 785 kilometers, from Henan and Hubei. The three provinces of Chongqing jointly funded.

The above-mentioned person close to the iron general said that the project has entered the survey and measurement stage. The railway design speed is more than 250 kilometers per hour. It is expected to start construction next year.

The above six approved new railways are located in the central and western regions. Dong Yan, a researcher at the Comprehensive Transportation Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that in the coming period, the focus of railway investment will shift from the eastern region to the central and western regions. First, the country’s industrial and regional policies are the same. Second, the eastern region’s investment in the previous round of railways. High-density, high-speed dry line networks have been basically built in the climax. Except for some inter-city lines, the high-speed railway network has been basically improved. Now it is necessary to make up the short board in the central and western regions.

Among the above-mentioned several railway projects, several of them have the appearance of iron. The above-mentioned person close to the iron general said that although the iron master has already decentralized the investment and construction rights of the inter-provincial railways to the localities in principle since 2011, in recent years, the iron will still participate in some projects, such as just getting The approved Liuyi Railway and the South Sichuan Railway, which is actively attracting private capital. The reason is that the person analyzed that first, due to the downturn in the real estate market, the local finance was very limited, and the local funds for infrastructure construction were very limited. They had to resort to the iron master. Second, after the implementation of the railway investment and financing system reform, the railway station and surrounding areas. The land development policy is liberalized, and the iron is always interested in taking a share of the land development of the local intercity railway. Of course, the most important thing is that the recent fund raising of the iron company is relatively easy. “It’s not bad money, so we have the strength to participate in the construction of local railways”.

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